Climate change: According to the UN 2023 Emissions Gap Report, the world will face a rise of 2.5 to 2.9 degrees Celsius this century if appropriate climate action is not taken. Therefore, countries must implement strategies beyond the Paris Agreement pledges to prevent this scenario. To ensure that global average temperature rise is kept between two degrees Celsius and 1.5 degrees Celsius, projected 2030 emissions must be reduced by 28 to 42 percent.
Reducing the emissions gap is extremely important, and this is possible through mitigation and low-carbon transitions.
Parties can build on greater ambition for the next round of climate pledges at COP28, the 28th UN climate change conference in Dubai, and the Global Stocktake, which builds on progress made in reducing global warming since the Paris Agreement in 2015. Is estimated. At COP28, the results of the global stocktake will be discussed for the first time.
The UN report released ahead of COP28 says that to maintain the chances of achieving the Paris Agreement temperature targets, global temperature rise has to be limited to well below two degrees Celsius, but efforts to ensure this must be maintained. To ensure that global temperature does not increase. Limited to 1.5°C, it is important to strengthen mitigation in this decade as this will reduce the emissions gap. By strengthening mitigation, nations will be able to set more ambitious targets for 2035 in the next round of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), signed by all parties to the Paris Agreement to cut emissions and adapt to climate impacts. There are action plans.
All this will increase the chances of meeting net-zero pledges.
By the beginning of October this year, 86 days were recorded with temperatures more than 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. In September, the global average temperature was 1.8 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, making it the hottest month ever recorded.
In a statement released by the United Nations, Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said that making the 1.5°C limit a reality is still possible, and this requires eliminating the “poisonous root” of the climate crisis, which is fossil fuels. For this, a just, equitable renewable transition is needed.
Inger Andersen, Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), said in the statement that no person or economy on the planet is untouched by climate change, so it is vital to prevent greenhouse gas emissions, setting unwanted records on global temperatures. Altitude, and extreme weather.
He stressed that the world must break out of the same old rut of insufficient ambition and lack of adequate action, and start setting other records, on emissions reductions, green and just transitions and climate finance.